Man completes 10 years with artificial heart

Diagnosed with end-stage heart failure in 2000, Duggar received the machine, abandoned ventricular assist equipment, was implanted in 2009 when doctors recommended it after a series of heart attacks.

Kolkata: During the past decade, Santosh Dugar, a resident of Kolkata, has been living with an artificial heart, which makes him one of the longest living people in the country with an artificial limb, which can be used as a patient's body. When implanted in biological heart fail.

10 years with artificial heart
10 years with artificial heart
Diagnosed with end-stage heart failure in 2000, Duggar received the machine, abandoned ventricular assist equipment, was implanted in 2009 when doctors recommended it after a series of heart attacks.

Prior to this, he had undergone unsuccessful stem cell therapy. The 63-year-old Dugar is among 120 patients in India who use the device. Designed to mimic the functions of a biological heart, it is an option for patients who require a heart transplant.

"A heart transplant surgery was the best option. But at the time, this was difficult because transplants were rarely performed. There was no certainty when and where the organ would be found. He had his first heart attack in 2000. He underwent an angioplasty in which he worked for some time.

 But then the pumping function of his heart started failing. He traveled to AIIMS Delhi for stem cell therapy, but it did not work for long. Traditional cardiologist PK Hazra suggested that the device may have "end-stage heart failure" after Dugar's diagnosis.

Called Heartmate II, the mechanical heart is designed to handle the task of pumping the left ventricle of the weakened heart. It is implanted under the diaphragm next to the patient's biological heart.

It then connects to the aorta, the main artery that supplies blood to the body, leaving the natural circulation providing all the energy needed to circulate blood throughout the body.

“This machine works like a pump. It draws blood from the left ventricle and expels it to the periphery, ”Dr. Hajra said. A power cord through the navel connects the device to an external portable system: a controller and a battery.

All Dugar has to keep is a bag containing the controller and the battery and be sure to charge it on time to keep the device running. UU imported from USA., A decade ago, the device cost around Rs 1 crore. But for patients using the newer versions, the price has now been reduced to Rs 54 lakh. Dugar says that the device is worth the money spent on it.

“The only drawback of the device is that the user has to carry a bag. Since the device is made of titanium, the patient cannot undergo MRI. "Unlike a transplanted heart, this device prevents the patient from taking immunosuppressants," said Hagara.

Source: Healthworld dot com

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